Installing A Wood Burner Into A Shepherd’s Hut.

This post will guide you through each step of installing a wood burner into a shepherd’s hut. The following information can also be applied to any stove installation where you are working with a metal or a metal profiled roof. You will need to use a silicone flashing when working with this type of roofing material.

Tools required:

  • Ladder
  • Plumb line
  • Permanent marker pen
  • Spirit level
  • Tape measure
  • Cordless drill with 2mm, 6mm and 8mm drill bits
  • 10mm Ring spanner
  • A sharpened metal rod (if sheeps wool insulation is in place)
  • Cordless jigsaw

Useful Documents

With any stove installation you should always refer to Approved Document J of the building regulations. When installing a wood burner into a shepherd’s hut, or indeed any small space, sticking rigidly to the building regulations can be challenging.

HETAS have produced an advisory document to help stove installers and self-builders alike. It takes the core themes of Approved Document J and applies them to this scenario.

Pages 20 and 21 are specific to shepherds’ huts and you can view the document here. There’s also a useful guide on how to use a small wood burning stove in glamping accommodation, which you can find here.

Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd’s Hut – Choosing a Small Wood Burning Stove

There’s not a huge variety of small wood stoves on the market that are suitable for spaces such as shepherds’ huts. We have designed and manufactured three multi-fuel stoves that are perfect for smaller spaces.

The Hobbit stove is a very popular choice for shepherds’ huts. You can see a wide variety of huts it has been installed into here. In this case we went with our Little Range Cook Stove, as our hut is slightly bigger than usual, measuring 18ft x 8ft.

Our Range Cooker has a nominal heat output of 4.3kW, which is great for this size space. This multi-fuel stove will keep the hut toasty warm in the depths of winter, whereas a 5kW stove would be far too powerful for a shepherd’s hut.

little range cook stove home

Note: It’s much better for the stove, and the environment, if you burn a smaller appliance more vigorously instead of burning a larger appliance more gently. The latter will generate more smoke, soot and tarry deposits.

We also went for this model of stove for its stainless steel hotplate and built-in oven! This transforms the hut into self-catering accommodation for guests, who already have a dual electric hob to use as well.

We’re going to be using our stove cooking range to rustle up some delicious wood-fired recipes! We will be posting some videos on our YouTube channel, but we have also made a free online cookbook to inspire you.

Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd’s Hut – Choosing Your Flue System

Once you’ve decided on the small wood stove for your space, you can then move onto the flue kit. It’s important to know which stove you are looking to use first, as this will determine the diameter and lengths of the flue pipes required for the job. All of our stoves have a 100mm/4″ outlet or collar.

We have designed two flue kits for shepherds’ huts, but the list of parts can be amended to suit your particular installation.

We used the following list of parts for this installation:

Note: You should use an AD cowl (anti-downdraught cowl) if your hut is surrounded by trees or other buildings. Fitting an AD cowl will help prevent downdraught. This is where smoke is blown back into the room due to a change in air pressure above the flue, which tends to happen during stormy weather.

Salamander Stoves AD Cowl Twin Wall Flue

Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd’s Hut – The Hearth and Shielding

In this example we will be installing our Little Range Cook Stove. This appliance can sit on a non-combustible hearth that’s at least 12mm thick. The hearth can be slate, glass, concrete or metal, for example.

Here, we have used a slate hearth from Kenmart Ltd. The slate that we have used measures 25mm thick, 1200mm wide and 750mm deep. This hearth size allows for 225mm of space from the front of the stove to the front of the hearth, and there’s at least 150mm of hearth space at either side of the stove to comply with regulations.

In this case we added an additional 200mm to the width of the hearth, but this was purely for aesthetic reasons. We shielded the wooden cladding with 1.5mm thick cold rolled stainless steel, measuring 1000mm wide and 800mm tall. We spaced the shielding off of the wall with 25mm spacers.

Starting The Installation

Step 1 – Positioning and plumb line

We finalised the location of the stove and positioned it on our hearth. There needed to be at least 225mm of space from the front of the stove to the front of the hearth. We also kept at least 150mm of hearth space at either side of our wood burning cook stove.

Next, we used a plumb line with the bob positioned in the middle of the flue collar. This enabled us to mark the point on the ceiling that will be the middle of the flue hole. Take care to ensure that the hole in the ceiling will not interfere with any structural beams.

Step 2 – Cutting a hole in the roof

After establishing the centre point, we drilled a hole through the wooden ceiling. Take care to avoid the drill bit snagging on any sheep wool insulation.

Salamander Stoves Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd's Hut Drilling the Centre Point

Next, we used the inside of the trim plate to mark the larger hole that needed to be cut into the ceiling. This will accommodate the flue. 8 holes were drilled around the circumference to make the cutting process easier.

We used twin wall flue that has a 100mm/4″ internal diameter to exit through the roof. These pipes have 25mm/1″ of insulation all the way around the pipe, and they need to be kept at least 50mm/2″ away from combustible materials. This meant that we needed to cut a 250mm/10″ diameter hole in the ceiling.

Salamander Stoves 8 Drilled Holes In Shepherd's Hut Ceiling

Salamander Stoves Marking The Flue Hole For Shepherd's Hut

Salamander Stoves Marking The Flue Hole For Shepherd's Hut 2

A punch and a drill were used to create two small holes in the metal roof. One marked the centre point and the other marked the circumference of the hole. We found the best tool to cut the metal roof is a small metal nibbler attachment for a drill.

We cut a hole in the metal roof which had a close fit to the flue pipe. In this case, the flue pipes have an outer diameter of 150mm/6″, so a 160mm diameter hole will give a 5mm clearance around the pipe. The internal hole in the combustible wooden ceiling needed to be 250mm/10″ in diameter, so that the combustible material was at least 50mm away from the flue pipe.

Salamander Stoves Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd's Hut Drilling Through the Roof 1

Salamander Stoves Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd's Hut Punching the Roof

Salamander Stoves Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd's Hut Drilling Through the Roof 2

We removed the sheep wool insulation before cutting it into smaller sections and repacking it around the hole. Combustible insulation needs to remain at least 50mm away from the twin wall flue pipes.

Salamander Stoves Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd's Hut Removing Sheep Wool Insulation

Salamander Stoves Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd's Hut Exposed Roof Hole

Salamander Stoves Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd's Hut Replacing Sheep Wool Insulation

The finished result:

Salamander Stoves Installing a Wood Burner into a Shepherd's Hut Finished Hole

Salamander Stoves Hole Cut In Shepherd's Hut Ceiling

Salamander Stoves Inserting Flue Through Shepherd's Hut Ceiling

Step 3 – Trim plate and flashing

Don’t worry if the hole in the ceiling is not neat, as this will be completely covered up by the trim plate. The hole in the roof will also be covered up by the silicone flashing and fixing kit. You can choose to pack some non-combustible insulation in the space between the two holes, but this is not necessary. It’s fine to leave this space empty as air is a good insulator.

The trim plate fits close to the flue pipe and extends beyond the hole in the wooden ceiling. You can fix it to the ceiling by applying a thin bead of heatproof silicone sealant to one side of the trim plate before fixing it into position. Trim plates can be circular or square, and you can also get split trim plates that are easier to retrofit. You can use a flat trim plate or a 30 degree trim plate depending on the pitch of your roof. 

You can fix the silicone flashing into position by applying a bead of heatproof silicone sealant beneath the malleable metal edge. This is reinforced with self-tapping screws. A detailed article and video showing the installation of a silicone flashing is available here. Here’s what ours looked like:

Salamander Stoves Fitting a Silicone Boot Roof Flashing 3

Step 4 – Assembling the flue kit

We do not provide a set of instructions with our installation kits. This is because the installation process can vary considerably depending on the unique specifics of your structure or vehicle. A general guide to assembling the flue kit is as follows:

If you are using single wall flue, then the first length can be fire cemented into the collar of the stove. The remaining single wall flue parts can be fire cemented into each other and a VC clip will provide a neat finish to each join. The single wall to twin wall adaptor can be fire cemented into your last piece of single wall flue. You will need to use twin wall flue to exit through a roof or wall.

As you can see, we have used a twin wall flue kit for installing our wood burner into a shepherd’s hut. We used an appliance connector to convert from the stove collar into 100mm/4″ twin wall insulated flue. We fire cemented this part into the collar of the Little Range. You can connect the twin wall flue parts into one another and fix them in place with the simple locking band mechanism, pictured below.

Salamander Stoves Twin Wall Flue HT S Locking Band

We have used a storm collar around the base of the external flue. You can apply a thin bead of silicone around the top of the storm collar as an extra layer of weatherproofing. The storm collar will protect the flashing from the rain as well as UV degradation.

The finished installation should look something like this:

Salamander Stoves Finished Stove Installation in a Shepherds Hut

Our lovely shepherd’s hut was built and delivered by the amazing team at Black Mountain Shepherds’ Huts.

Step 5 – Safety alarms, notice plate and first fire

We strongly advise you to install a carbon monoxide alarm and a smoke alarm as a safety precaution. HETAS have provided a useful diagram below, which shows where you should position your CO alarm. You should also fit a notice plate inside the hut. This details the appliance and the flue system that have been installed.

Salamander Stoves Where to place carbon monoxide alarm for small wood burning stoves

The stove paint on our appliance will need an initial fire in order for it to cure. The stove will produce an odour during this process, so it is best to ventilate the hut as much as possible during your first fire.

Start the curing process by lighting a small fire and refuel the appliance when only half of the fuel in the firebox has been exhausted. Leave the air controls fully open, as the stove will need to get quite hot in order for the paint to cure.

If you light a large hot fire straight away, then this can lead to the paint bubbling and flaking. You can read more on how to cure your stove here. After a few successive fires the smell should dissipate and your stove will be ready for use! If you have any questions, then please do not hesitate to contact us.

Salamander Stoves Little Range Stove Installed Into A Shepherds Hut

Small Stove Review 9

Our Hobbit Stove Has Been Fitted!

"We had a Hobbit stove fitted this week by Alex Reay from Flues and Fires, and I just wanted to get in touch to say it is AMAZING and we love it! We have a lovely cast iron tiled fireplace which I was desperate not to lose when we installed a small wood burning stove, but until I found the Hobbit on Google, everyone told me it would be impossible to keep the fire surround. The Hobbit is perfect - not only does it fit very snugly, but it looks fantastic and the blue door complements the tiles very nicely. We are sitting enjoying a fire now and absolutely loving it! Thanks for creating such an amazing product."

Nicola Williams

Small Stove Review 10

The Best Stove Ever!

"It’s the best stove ever! It’s easy to light, very efficient, burns anthracite and stays in overnight (ours has been in for three weeks now). It even keeps a kettle of water at the ready for a cuppa! What more can I say, we love it! Just the thing to make our Yorkshire home cosy, and the cat loves it too!"

Lynn and Andrew, West Yorkshire

small stove review 16

First Small Stove Installation

Was looking for a small stove for my first self-install. Found Mark very helpful. Knowledgeable, friendly service. Stove burns well and generates lots more heat than the previous open fire. What is not to like?


Small Stove Review 15

A Huge Thank You!

"Dear Mark and Gill, a huge thank you for designing and making the Hobbit stove! We had two different London-based fireplace companies tell us that we simply had to knock out the old cast iron and tile fireplace to fit in a woodburning stove, and that there was no other option! Then we found you online. We are delighted with our little Hobbit, which swallows up logs and kicks out a good amount of heat. Perfect for the winter! I will also be writing to the London-based fireplace companies to put the Hobbit on their radar. Best wishes."


Small Stove Review 14

Delighted With Our Hobbit Stove!

"Mark, Gill, thank you for your assistance, we are delighted with our Hobbit! I fired it up this evening after taking all afternoon making a register plate to fit the opening."


Small Stove Review 5

It's Brilliant!

"Hi Mark, here's a photo of the Hobbit installed in my Yorkist grate. It’s brilliant! It also throws out a lot more heat than the grate did."

Roger T

Small Stove Review 3

Just to Say Thank You!

"I just had a chat with Gill saying how delighted we are with our little Hobbit stove, and to also thank you both for your attention to detail and excellent customer service!"


Small Stove Review 4

The Little Hobbit Has Stepped Up To The Challenge!

"We just wanted to say how impressed and how much of a life saver our little Hobbit has been! It was fitted a few months ago in our holiday home in Rhu, Scotland, which is a large open plan conversion in a Victorian house. This weekend our boiler decided it was not going to play ball. The little Hobbit has stepped up to the challenge, providing heat to a very large area, about twenty eight foot by twenty four foot with a high ceiling of about eighteen foot, keeping the room reasonably warm, warm enough for us not to use cardigans!”

Alan W

Small Stove Review 8

Very Pleased With Our Hobbit!

"We are very pleased with the stove and think it looks great! We restored our fireplace (it was hidden under plaster!) and the whole look is better than we hoped!"


Small Stove Review 2

Absolutely Delighted!

"Just had our Hobbit SE installed in our Victorian fireplace and we are absolutely delighted with the end result. We felt passionate about preserving our lovely fireplace!"


Small Stove Review 13

Our Pride And Joy!

"What a fantastic fireplace with the beautiful Hobbit stove. It fits perfectly into the small space and throws out a lot of heat. Here's a photo of our little stove, now our pride and joy and much admired by all who see and feel the warmth."

Chris and C

Small Stove Review 11


"Just to bid you all a Happy New Year and to say how much we’re enjoying having our Hobbit stove! It was easy to fit with the help of your excellent ‘how to’ videos and we’re just awaiting our inspection by building control for the certification. The Hobbit has fitted neatly into the hearth vacated by the old gas back boiler (with a little cosmetic rendering) and never ceases to surprise us how much heat it can deliver to the point that the new condenser boiler is having an easy life, thereby saving us on gas bills too! Everyone loves having a ‘real fire’ in the living room."

Philip Baird

Small Stove Review 6

A Brilliant Little Wood Burner!

"The stove we bought from you is really starting to come into its own as the weather cools down. Here is a photo showing how much one of our dogs is enjoying it!"

Small Stove Review 1

Brilliant Product!

"Just wanted to share a picture of our newly installed Hobbit. Absolutely delighted with it, and so pleased we were able to retain our existing fireplace as well. Brilliant product, thank you!"



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